江苏体彩网

【南方杂志】詹伯慧:暨南大先生

发布单位:人员机构 [2020-09-29 00:00:00] 打印此信息江苏体彩网

江苏体彩网ZHANBOHUI,1931NIANSHENG,GUANGDONGRAOPINGREN,ZHUMINGYUYANXUEJIA。XIANWEI江苏体彩网ZHONGWENXIJIAOSHOU、HANYUFANGYANYANJIUZHONGXINMINGYUZHUREN,XIANGGANGDAXUEZHONGWENXUEYUANMINGYUJIAOSHOU。

CONGJIAO65NIANLAI,ZHANBOHUIZAIHANYUFANGYAN、HANYUCISHU、HANYUYINGYONGHEHANYUGUIFANDENGLINGYUZUOLEDALIANGYANJIU、JIAOXUEGONGZUO,QUDEXUDUOLINGRENZHUMUDECHENGJIU。CENGCANYUBIANXIE《HANYUFANGYANGAIYAO》,DANREN《HANYUDAZIDIAN》BIANWEI、《ZHONGGUODABAIKEQUANSHU·YUYANWENZI》JUANFANGYANFENKEFUZHUBIAN、《HANYUFANGYANXUEDACIDIAN》SHOUXIZHUANJIA。QIJINYICHUBANYUYANXUEZHUZUO40YUBU,FABIAOLUNWENYU400PIAN。

1992NIANHUOGUOWUYUANBANFAYOUTUCHUGONGXIANZHENGSHU,XIANGSHOUZHENGFUTESHUJINTIE。1992NIANHE1997NIANLIANGDUBEIGUOJIAYUYANWENZIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIPINGWEIQUANGUOYUYANWENZIXIANJINGONGZUOZHE。2006NIANHUOSHOU江苏体彩网ZHONGSHENGONGXIANJIANG,2011NIAN,HUOPINGWEIGUANGDONGSHENGSHOUJIEYOUXIUSHEHUIKEXUEJIA。DIQIJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDAIBIAO,DIBAJIE、DIJIUJIEQUANGUOZHENGXIEWEIYUAN。

(SHIPINPAISHE:ZHONGZHUOJIAN,LUXIAOFENG,SHIPINJIANJI:ZHONGZHUOJIAN)

江苏体彩网“PUTONGHUASHUO‘WOXIANZOU’,GUANGDONGRENSHUO‘WOXINGXIAN’,ZHEILIYOUYUYIN、CIHUIHEYUFADEBUTONG。”YITANQIYUEYUDEFANGYANTEDIAN,ZIXU“90HOU”DEZHANBOHUIXINSHOUNIANLAI。

“YUYANSHIHENYOUQUDE,YUYANXUEZHEYAOBADAJIAYINDAODAOYUYANDELEYUANZHONGLAI,XIANGSHOUYUYANDEKUAILE。”CONGJIAOLIUQISHINIAN,ZHANBOHUIJIJICHANGDAOBINGSHENTILIXINGZUOYUYANDE“DAOYOU”,TAQUANQINGTOURUHANYUFANGYANYANJIUYUYINGYONG,ZHIJINLECIBUPI,BAXUESHUSHIZUOYUSHENGMINGTONGDENGDECUNZAI。

CAIFANGZHANLAOZHIJI,QIAFENGDI23JIEQUANGUOTUIGUANGPUTONGHUAXUANCHUANZHOU,JINNIANDEZHUTISHI“TONGJIANGPUTONGHUA,XIESHOUJINXIAOKANG”。YUYANHEYIWANRENMINSHENGHUOJINMIXIANGLIAN,ZHENGSHIZHANBOHUIYISHENGXINZHISUOXI,MUGUANGSUOZAI。ZAITADERENSHENGZIDIANLI,MEIYOU“LENGMEN”ERZI,DUIYUWEILAI,TASHIZHONGMANHUAIXIJI—ZHEIMEN“HUOZAIRENMENZUILI”DEXUEWEN,KEYIYONGYUANCHUANCHENGXIAQU。

文士情怀

JINNIAN7YUE10RI,ZHANBOHUIXUSUIJIUSHI。ZHEIYITIAN,TASONGCHUYIGEYUZHONGBUTONGDE“LIWU”:JUANCHUGERENJIXU50WANYUANFAQISHELI江苏体彩网ZHANBOHUIYUYANXUEJIANG,“SHELIZHEIGEJIANGZHICHIDAJIALAIZUOXUEWEN,TONGSHIYESHIXIANGWODELAOSHIWANGLIXUEXI,ZAIBEIJINGDAXUESHELIWANGLIYUYANXUEJIANG,PINGJIANGGONGZUOSHIYU1986NIAN,QIJINYILISHIBAJIE。”

江苏体彩网CULVESUANLAI,JIUSHINIANGUANGYINDESANFENZHIERYISHANG,TADOUZAIYUYANZHEIPIANLEYUANLISHENGENG,MAISHOUHANYUFANGYAN、HANYUCISHU、HANYUYINGYONGHEHANYUGUIFANDENGLINGYU。TALEZAIQIZHONG,“NENGCONGYIERZHONG,YIBEIZIDOUGAOYUYANXUEZHUANYE,ZHEISHIZUIZHIDEGAOXINGDE”,YESHOUHUOLELEILEISHUOGUO、DENGSHENZHUZUO。

江苏体彩网QIANJINIAN,ZHANBOHUISHANGKEQIZIXINGCHEZAIJIDAXIAOYUANCHUANXING。SUIZHENIANSHIJIANGAO,JIAREN“MEISHOU”LETADEZIXINGCHE。TASUIRANZUOLUNYI,RENGRANJINGCHANGLAIDAOBANGONGSHI,YOUSHIBINIANQINGRENHAIQINKUAI。MUQIAN,TAYIZHIYANJINGYISHIMING,QUEZIWODIAOKANDAO,DADIANNAO、KANWENJIAN“YIMULERAN”。

TADEBANGONGSHI,YESHIYIJIANHUIYISHI,YIZHANGHUIYIZHUOBAIZAIZHONGJIAN,ZHUOPANGFANGZHEYIKUAIGONGTAOLUNJIAOLIUYONGDEHEIBAN。CAIFANGDANGRI,ZHANBOHUIKANDAOPANGBIANDEHEIBANWAILE,XIAOZHEDUIZHANZAIYIPANGDE江苏体彩网ZHONGWENXIJIAOSHOULIUXINZHONGDAQUSHUO:“ZHEIKUAIHEIBAN,YAOBAIJIUBAIZHENG,YAOMEJIUBIEBAILE。”YANYUJIANTOULUZHETADEYOUMO、KUAILEHEZUORENWEIXUEZHIDAO。

2013NIANDONG,82SUIDEZHANBOHUIJIESHOUJIDAFANPIN,ZHUCHIGUOJIASHEKEJIJINZHONGDAXIANGMU“HANYUFANGYANXUEDAXINGCISHUBIANZUANDELILUNYANJIUYUSHUZIHUAJIANSHE”,YISHOUXIZHUANJIASHENFENFUZEZHUBIAN《HANYUFANGYANXUEDACIDIAN》。

江苏体彩网YENEIRENSHIDOUZHIDAO,FANGYANCIDIANCHANGYOU,FANGYANXUECIDIANBUCHANGYOU,YIZIZHICHA,NANDUXISHUBUKEBIJIAN。ZHANBOHUIZUZHI200DUOREN,HUALESINIANDUOSHIJIANBIANZUAN465WANZI,ZHONGYUZAI2017NIANTUICHUZHEIBUBEIYUWEIHANYUFANGYANXUESHIFENGBEIDEDACIDIAN。“(DACIDIAN)GUOQUMEIYOU,JINHOUBUGANSHUOMEIYOU,HENNAN。”ZHANBOHUIBUWUZIHAO。

江苏体彩网CHENGJIUBEIHOU,MAODIEZHINIANDEZHANBOHUICHANGGONGZUODAOSHENYEYILIANGDIAN,WEIFANGBIANHEDAJIAJIAOLIUHAIXUEHUILESHIYONGWEIXIN。TONGWEIDACIDIANZHUBIANDEZHANGZHENXING,BEIZHANBOHUIDEJINGRENYIZHILISUOZHEFU,GENGJIARENDING:FANSHIZHANBOHUIRENWEIYAOZUODESHIQING,BUGUANYOUDUODADEKUNNAN,ZONGNENGZUOCHENG。

江苏体彩网RUJIN,XIANGMUDESHUZIHUAPINGTAIJIANSHEZHENGZAIJINXINGZHONG,ZHANBOHUIRENGZAIMIANLIZHICHENG。“WOHAISHIXIANGMUFUZEREN,BUGUOHENDUOSHIQINGWOSASHOULE,BUSHISASHOURENHUAN,ERSHIRANGJINIANQINGRENQUZUO。”TADAQUSHUO。

江苏体彩网ZHANLAODE“SASHOU”BUWUDIQI。TADAICHUDEHANYUFANGYANYANJIUTUANDUI,RENCHENG“ZHANJIAJUN”,YINFUYOUHUOLIERBEISHOUYUYANXUEJIEKENDING。ZICONG1991NIANKAISHIZHAOSHOUHANYUFANGYANXUEBOSHIYANJIUSHENG,ZHANBOHUIGONGPEIYANGBOSHI29REN、SHUOSHI9REN,RUJINDOUYICHENGWEIHANYUFANGYANXUEJIEDEGUGANLILIANG。

DUONIANQIAN,ZHANBOHUISHOUCIJUBANSHUFAZHANSHI,RAOZONGYIXIANSHENGXINRANWEITATIZI“WENSHIQINGHUAI”。DUI“WENSHIQINGHUAI”SIGEZI,ZHANBOHUISHIFENZHENSHI,ZAIZIJIDESHUFAZHANSHANGYIZHIYANYONG,YEQIADAOHAOCHUDIQUANSHILETASHIXUESHUWEISHENGMING,YIFUWUSHEHUIWEIJIRENDEYISHENG。

1994NIAN,ZHANBOHUIYU江苏体彩网SHOUJIEBOSHISHENGZAIBIYEDIANLISHANG。

乡音无改

ZHANBOHUIYISHENGJIEYUANYUYANYANJIU,HEDUTEDEYUYANBEIJINGFENBUKAI。

TACHUSHENYUCHAOZHOUYIGE“SHUANGYU”JIATING。FUQINZHANANTAISHIRAOPINGKEJIAREN,JIANGKEJIAHUA,MUQINSHIDIDAODECHAOZHOUREN,JIANGCHAOZHOUHUA。HOULAI,TASUIFUQINZHUANXUEDAOYUEBEIPINGSHIYISUOYUEYUJIAOXUEDEXIAOXUE,YOUHENKUAISHUXILEYUEYU。ZIXIAOERRUMURAN,DUIZHEISANZHONGFANGYAN,ZHANBOHUIZHANGKOUJIULAI。

江苏体彩网NEISHI,FUQINJIAOTABEISONGHEZHIZHANGDE《HUIXIANGOUSHU》。ZHANBOHUIMENGMENGDONGDONG,BUZHI“XIANGYIN”HEYI,MEIXIANGDAODUI“XIANGYIN”DEREAIHEYANJIU,JINGCHENGLETABISHENGDESHIYE。

1949NIAN,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI。DUIYUYANHUAIYOUJIDAXINGQUDEZHANBOHUIMAIJINZHONGSHANDAXUEDEXIAOMEN,JIUDUDEZHUANYESHIDANGSHIQUANGUOWEIYIDEYUYANXUEXI。

ZUOWEIYIMENXIANDAIYIYISHANGDEDULIXUEKE,HANYUFANGYANXUEFARENYU20SHIJI20NIANDAI。DEYIYUWUSIYUNDONG,GEZHONGXIANDAIYUYANXUELILUN、FANGFAHEJISHUBEILUXUCONGGUOWAIJIESHAOJINZHONGGUO。CENGZAIFAGUOLIUXUEZHUANGONGYUYANXUEDEWANGLIXIANSHENGDANRENZHONGDAWENXUEYUANYUANZHANGQIJIAN,HENKUAIBANQIYUYANXUEXI。

ZHANBOHUIRUXUESHI,QUANBANZHIYOU7GETONGXUE,JIASHANGCIQIANYIJINGRUXUEDE,QUANXIZHIYOU13GEXUESHENG。DANJIAOSHIJIUDA10WEIZHIDUO,QIEDUOSHIZHIMINGJIAOSHOU。DETIANDUHOUDEXUEXITIAOJIAN,ZAIJINTIANNANYIXIANGXIANG,YEGENGRANGYUYANXUEZAIZHANBOHUIXINZHONGZHAXIAGENLAI。

1953NIAN,ZHANBOHUIBIYEHOUBEIFENPEIDAOWUHANDAXUE,SUIHOUZAI1995NIANYOUDAOBEIJINGDAXUESHICONGYUANJIAHUAXIANSHENGJINXIUFANGYANXUE,QUANMIANDAXIALEFANGYANDIAOCHAYANJIU、SHIJIANZUOYEHEJIAOXUEDEJICHU。

JINXIUQIJIAN,TACANJIALEWOGUOSHOUBUXITONGLUNSHUHANYUGEDAFANGYANDEZHUZUO《HANYUFANGYANGAIYAO》DEBIANXIE,FUZEYUEFANGYANHEMINNANFANGYANLIANGZHANG,YUEZHANQUANSHU50WANZIDESANFENZHIYI。CIWAITAHAIZAICANJIAZHONGKEYUANZUZHIDEYUYANDIAOCHAZHONGFAXIANLEHAINANJUNHUAZHEIGE“BEIFANGFANGYANDAO”,YINQIXUEJIEGUANZHU……CONGYIGEGANGBIYEDENIANQINGREN,ZHANBOHUIJIANJIANBIANCHENGZHANLUTOUJIAODEXUESHUXINXIU。

ZICIYIHOU,ZHANBOHUIJIUZHUGONGHANYUFANGYANYANJIU,CHUXINRUPAN。TADEXIANGYINYEBUCENGWANG,“XIANZAIRANGWOHUIRAOPING,WOKEYIGENRENJIAJIANGRAOPINGKEJIAHUA”。

江苏体彩网1980NIAN,ZHANBOHUIYURAOZONGYIJIAOSHOUHEYINGYURIBENJINGDOU。

方言学者“推普”半生

SHIDAIHONGLIUGUNGUNXIANGQIAN,GERENCAIHUAYIDANSHUNYINGSHIDAICHAOLIU,ZHUDINGBENGFACHUWUXIANNENGLIANG。

江苏体彩网1955NIAN10YUE,YUYANXUEJIESANDAZHONGYAOHUIYI—QUANGUOWENZIGAIGEHUIYI、XIANDAIHANYUGUIFANWENTIXUESHUHUIYIHEMINZUYUWENGONGZUOHUIYIXIANGJIZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAI,WEIQUELIXINZHONGGUOYUWENXIANDAIHUADESANDARENWU—JIANHUAHANZI、TUIGUANGPUTONGHUA、TUIGUANGHANYUPINYINDAXIAJICHU。HUIYILISHIYINGXIANGJIQISHENYUAN,DUIYOUXINGPANGTINGDEZHANBOHUILAISHUO,ZHENGFENGQISHI、YIYIZHONGDA。

GUANXINGUOJIADEYUYANWENZIFANGZHENZHENGCE,ZHICHIGUANCHEMEIYIXIANGJUTICUOSHI,SHIYUWENZHUANYERENSHIYIBURONGCIDEZHIZE。“ZAIWOMENZHEIYANGYIGEMINZUZHONGDUO、FANGYANZHONGDUODEDAGUO,BUNENGMEIYOUYIGEQUANMINGONGTONGSHIYONG,QUANSHEHUIGUANGFANLIUTONGDETONGYONGYUYAN。”ZHANBOHUIZAIWENZHANGZHONGXIEDAO。

HUIDAOLUOJIASHAN,ZHANBOHUIREQINGSIHUOKAIZHANGONGZUO。YIBIANKAISHEHANYUFANGYANXUEKECHENG,DAILINGXUESHENGSHENRUHUBEIJINXINGFANGYANDIAOCHA,ZHUCHIBIANZUAN《HUBEIFANGYANDIAOCHA》,FABIAOLUNWEN;YIBIANSHENTILIXING,JIJITUIGUANGPUTONGHUA,BANGZHUGONGANBUMENSHIBIEFANGYAN。

20SHIJI70NIANDAIZHONGQI,ZHANBOHUIJIARUDAXINGCISHUBIANZUANXINGLIE。1975NIANQI,CANJIA《HANYUDAZIDIAN》BIANZUAN;1979NIAN,XIECHENG143WANZI《XIANDAIHANYUFANGYAN》SHUGAO。《XIANDAIHANYUFANGYAN》YISHUZHONG,ZHANBOHUISHOUCICAIYONGQIDAFANGYANQU(BEIFANGFANGYAN、WUFANGYAN、XIANGFANGYAN、GANFANGYAN、KEJIAFANGYAN、YUEFANGYANHEMINFANGYAN)DEGAINIAN,DEDAOYUYANXUEJIEGUANGFANRENTONG,YANYONGZHIJIN。

“TIANBUPA,DIBUPA,JIUPAGUANGDONGRENSHUOPUTONGHUA。” 1983NIAN,ZHANBOHUICONGWUHANDAXUEDIAOHUI江苏体彩网,MIANDUIGUANGDONGFUZADEFANGYANZHUANGKUANGHEXIANGDUIZHIHOUDEPUTONGHUAPUJIQINGKUANG,TADUOCIHUYUDALITUIGUANGPUTONGHUAYISHIYINGGAIGEKAIFANGXUYAO。TONGSHI,SHENTILIXING,WEI“TUIPU”GONGZUOPEIXUNGUGAN、DANRENPUTONGHUABISAIPINGWEI,WEIMEITIZHUANXIE“TUIPU”GAOJIAN,ZHUANXIEPUTONGHUAXUEXISHOUCE……ZHIYAOSHI“TUIPU”DEGONGZUO,ZHANBOHUIZAIMANGZAILEIYEYAOJICHUSHIJIANJIYUZHICHI,CONGBUTUICI。

WEIBIAOZHANGTADEYEJI,1992NIANGUOJIAYUYANWENZIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUISHOUYUTAQUANGUOYUYANWENZIXIANJINGONGZUOZHECHENGHAO。ERTOURU“TUIPU”DETONGSHI,ZHANBOHUIYESHIZHONGZHUZHANG“TUIXINGYIZHONG、BAOLIUDUOZHONG”,YAORANGFANGYANJIXUFAHUIZAIWENHUALINGYUZHONGWUKEQUDAIDEZUOYONG。

语言资源

江苏体彩网“ZUOWEIGONGJU,YUEYUSHIZHONGMEIYOUTINGZHISHEHUIJIAOJIGONGJUDEGONGNENG;ZUOWEIWENHUA,YOUSHIZHONGMEIYOUTINGZHIGUOCHENGZAI、HONGYANGYUEYUDIQUCHUANTONGWENHUAHEMINQINGXISUDEGONGNENG,ZHEIJIUJUEDINGLEYUEYUSHIZHONGBUHUIYOUXIAOSHIDEKENENG。”MIANDUISUOWEI“FANGYANCUNFEI”DEZHENGLUN,ZHANBOHUIYONGYUFASHENG,YIZHENGSHITING。

江苏体彩网DUONIANLAI,MIANDUIZHONGZHONGWUJIE,ZHANBOHUILUXUFABIAOBUSHAOYIJIAN,CHANMINGYIWEIYUYANZHUANYEGONGZUOZHEDEKANFA。TAFANFUJIESHIDAO,“TUIPU”SHIYAORANGQUANGUOGEDIRENMINZAISHUXI、YONGGUANBENDIFANGYANDEJICHUSHANGXUEHAOSHEHUITONGYONGYU,CONGDANYIDEYUYANSHENGHUOGUODUDAOSHUANGYUSHENGHUO。“JIARUCHAOZHOUDEHAIZIBUHUISHUOCHAOZHOUHUA,GUANGZHOUDEHAIZIBUHUISHUOGUANGZHOUHUA,ZHEIJUEBUNENGSHIWEIYIZHONGCHENGGONG”。

江苏体彩网JINNIANLAI,WOGUOFANGYANBAOHURIJIANTISHANGRICHENG,YUYANSHIBAOGUIZIYUANDEGUANNIANKAISHISHENRURENXIN。ZHEIYIZHONGYAOGUANNIANDEQUELI,LIBUKAIYIZHANBOHUIWEIDAIBIAODEYUYANZHUANYEGONGZUOZHEDEDASHENGJIHU。

江苏体彩网ZAIWOGUOHANYUQIDAFANGYANZHONG,GUANGDONGDEFANGYANZHONGLEIZHANLEBANBIJIANGSHAN。ERHENZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANLI,YANJIUCHENGGUOSHAOZHIYOUSHAO。HUIDAOJIAXIANGRENJIAODEZHANBOHUI,NIANGUOBANBAI、XIONGXINBOBO,SHENGANDUIFANGYANZIYUANFENGFUDEGUANGDONGZUOXITONGYANJIUZHIBIYAO。

GUANGDONGFANGYANFENBUYOUGUILVKEXUN,KAOHELIUPINGYUANDEDUOSHIYUEFANGYAN,KAOSHANQUDEDUOSHIKEJIAFANGYAN,YANHAIYIDAIDECHAOSHANHELEIZHOUFANGYANZESHUMINYU。SHENJIANGUANGDONGZHONGGUOYUYANXUEHUIHUIZHANGDEZHANBOHUI,CONGDACHUZHEYAN、XIAOCHUZHESHOU,QUELISHOUXIANNONGQINGYUEFANGYAN,YOUTIAOJIANZAIYANJIUQITAFANGYANDESILU。

TADAILINGTUANDUIGONGGENGTIANYE,SHINIANJIANZOUBIANZHUSANJIAO、YUEBEI、YUEXI,XIANGJITUICHU《ZHUJIANGSANJIAOZHOUFANGYANDIAOCHABAOGAO》《YUEBEISHIXIANSHIYUEFANGYANDIAOCHABAOGAO》《YUEXISHIXIANSHIYUEFANGYANDIAOCHABAOGAO》,WEIGUANGDONGYUEYUGOULECHULUNKUO,WEIYUEYUYANJIUTIGONGZHONGYAOCANKAO。

SUIZHEDUIMIN、YUE、KEDENGFANGYANDEDIAOCHAJINYIBUSHENRU,ZHANBOHUIHETADETUANDUIZHANGWOLEFENGFUDEYISHOUZILIAO,SHIGUOQUZHANGQIWURENWENJINDEGUANGDONGFANGYANYANJIU“HUANGDI”YUELAIYUESHAO。“ZHANJIAJUN”DEXUESHUCHENGGUO,YUQUANGUOQITADIQUYIDAO,YIBAIHUAQIFANGZHISHI,HUIJUQILEZHONGGUOHANYUFANGYANXUEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEFANRONGFAZHANQI。

多做“导游”

KANSILENGMENDEYUYANWENZIYANJIUZHONG,ZHANBOHUIBINGBU“GAOLENG”,GENGDUOSHIHOUSHI“HUOREDE”。WANNIANTAGENGSHIZIZIBUJUANDITOURUDAOFANGYANYINGYONGZHONG,QIZHONGJIYOUJUANZHIHAOFANDEDABUTOU,YOUBUFAPUJIDAZHONGDE“XIAOSHU”。

20SHIJIMO,JIANYUYUEYUDUYINCUNZAIFENQIYINGXIANGSHIYONG,ZHANBOHUIYONGSHINIANSHIJIANZUZHIYUEGANGAOXUEZHEKAIZHANSHENYINGONGZUO,YU2002NIANTUICHU《GUANGZHOUHUAZHENGYINZIDIAN》。GAISHUBEIRENWEISHILISHISHANGDIYIBENWEIFANGYANZHENGYINDECISHU,QIZHONGJINWEIMEIGEZIZHIZUOKAPIANJIUHUALESANNIANSHIJIAN。

WEICHUANBO、PUJIYUYANWENZIZHISHI,2010NIAN,TAZUZHIYIPIYUYANXUEJIEZHIMINGXUEZHEBIANXIE《DAJIAXIAOSHU》XILIE。ZUOWEIZHUBIAN,TALVXIANHUIJILEZIJIDEYIPITONGSUXING、YINGYONGXINGDEWENZHANG,BIANCHENG《YUWENZAJI》ZUOWEISHOUCECHUBAN。ZHANBOHUIHAIWEIYUEYUQUDEXUESHENGBIANZHUANLE《YUEGANGAOXUESHENGYONGPUTONGHUACHANGYONGCICIDIAN》,CONGDUIBIDEJIAODUBANGZHUYUEYUQUXUESHENGXUEHAOPUTONGHUA。

SUIZHESHEHUIFAZHAN,BAIZAILAOXIANSHENGMIANQIANDEXINWENTIYEYUELAIYUEDUO。HENDUORENXIANGTAQINGJIAO,RUHEKANDAIWUHUABAMENDEWANGLUOYUYAN?ZHEIWEILIUSHISUIXUEDIANNAO、BASHISUIFAWEIXINDELAOXIANSHENGHEHEYIXIAO:ZHEISHIYUYANFAZHANDEXINSHENGSHIWU,YINGBAOCHIKUANRONGTAIDU,CHONGFENZUNZHONGWANGMINXUANZEYUYANJIAOJISHOUDUANDEZIYOU。

江苏体彩网ZHEIYESHIZHANBOHUI“SHAODANGYUYANDEJINGCHA,DUOZUOYUYANDEDAOYOU”DEYIGUANJIANCHI。TARENWEI,YUYANDEGUIFANSHIDONGTAIDE、FAZHANDE,BUSHIJINGZHIDE、YICHENGBUBIANDE,YUYANXUEZHEYAOBARENMENDAIJINXUANLIDUOCAIDEYUYANLEYUAN,ERBUSHIMANGYUPINGTOULUNZU,JIYUPANDUANSHIFEI,LUANHUI“JINGGUN”。TASHENZHITICHU,“CONGYUYANYANJIU、YUHUIYANJIUDEJIAODUCHUFA,ZHIYAOSHIRENMENYONGLAIJIAOJIDEYUYAN,NAPASHIZANGHUA、HEIHUA,DOUKEYIHUIJIQILAI,XIECHENGZHUANZHU,BIANCHENGCISHU”。

JIUQIYUANYIN,HUOXUSHITAXINZHONGSHIZHONGMINGJIJIGE“JIEHE”:JIANDINGBUYIDIBAFANGYANYANJIUHEYUYANYINGYONGJINMIJIEHEQILAI,HEGUANCHESHISHIWOGUODEYUWENZHENGCEJIEHEQILAI,HEYIWANRENMINDESHEHUIYUYANSHENGHUOJINMIJIEHEQILAI。ZHEILAIZIWANGLIXIANSHENGDEERTIMIANMING,YESHIZHANBOHUIDEFANGYANYANJIUBAITUO“LENGMEN”DEKUNJING,HUANFABOBOSHENGJIDEBUERFAMEN。

对话詹伯慧:学术是我的生命

《南方》杂志:现在您是否还关注学术方面的内容?

詹伯慧:当然还关注,学术是我的生命。“汉语方言学大型辞书编纂的理论研究与数字化研究”项目还没有结项,《汉语方言学大词典》现在转入到做数字化平台阶段,我还是项目负责人,具体由年轻人来做,准备今年做完,明年结项。

《南方》杂志:为什么想到要设立一个江苏体彩网詹伯慧语言学奖?

詹伯慧:现在我手上的项目快做完了,年纪这么大,新项目也不敢接了,所以想设立一个语言学奖,这个工作就可以永远搞下去。南方到现在还没有这种奖,我们是第一个。语言学奖两年一届,明年第一次颁奖,就在我生日那一天。九十岁的人还有什么奢求呢?能亲自颁发两三届就满足了。

《南方》杂志:您一天工作多久?

詹伯慧:很难说。现在年纪大了,能干一点就干一点。自从有了这个办公室,我天天都来,甚至大家觉得我比年轻人还勤快。我现在身体不算好,但幸运的是脑子没坏。不过一只眼睛坏掉了,一目了然,靠这一只还能打电脑。

《南方》杂志:研究汉语方言学这么多年,您追求的目标是什么?

詹伯慧:江苏体彩网繁荣语言研究,促进语言学发展。

《南方》杂志:您的治学方法主要是什么?

詹伯慧:方言活在人的嘴里,不一定写在纸上。汉语方言工作和少数民族语言工作要做好,第一步就是要迈开双腿,做好田野调查。调查来的东西,要拿来整理、分析、研究,这就是语料,包括语音、语法、语汇等。

《南方》杂志:王力、袁家骅等语言学大家给您带来怎样的影响?

詹伯慧:江苏体彩网一个是学问本身,一个是做学问的精神。我经常给学生强调应用,语言研究是为语言应用服务,否则语言就没有活力,这种精神就来源于王力先生。先生是大师,但他眼界向下,花了很多时间和精力向大众普及学术,无论是中学请他去演讲,还是工人向他请教,他都非常乐意。我编词典、编教材、编通俗的小册子,都是为了应用。这种精神要一代一代传下去。

江苏体彩网1981NIAN,ZHANBOHUIYUENSHIWANGLIXIANSHENG(ZUO)YUDONGJING。

江苏体彩网1957NIAN,ZHANBOHUIYUYESHIYUANJIAHUAJIAOSHOUHEYINGYUBEIJING。

《南方》杂志:很多人反映说下一代不会说方言了,您怎么看待这个问题?

詹伯慧:推广普通话是国家政策,是大势所趋,十几亿人没有共同语言怎么行?但推广普通话,是要原来只讲方言母语的人,从单一的语言生活过渡到双语语言生活,这是1+1=2,不是1+1=1,绝对不是把方言扫地出门。这个观点我经常说,语言是一种资源,每个人从开始学说话的时候就开始掌握这个资源。

《南方》杂志:如何保护好方言这个宝贵资源?

詹伯慧:最近十多年来,我们逐渐认识到语言是一种资源,普通话是资源,方言也是资源。既然是资源,就要开发、利用。2015年起,国家发起语言保护工程,对很少人说的语言抓紧调查,记录下来。所有地域文化都要依靠方言来承载,广东要建设文化强省,发扬岭南文化,就要重视方言这个岭南文化的载体。做好岭南文化大文章,一定要把岭南方言搞清楚。

《南方》杂志:“少当语言的警察,多做语言的导游”,您这个导游当得怎么样?

詹伯慧:这两句话常常被人引用,我现在依然是这两句话。语言是很有趣的,搞语言的要把人家引导到语言的乐园中来,享受语言的快乐。不要动辄看不顺眼,评头论足。不过我不是一个人做导游,广州要有广州的导游,西安要有西安的导游,研究语言的人都要做语言的导游。

《南方》杂志:从研究的角度来看,汉语方言学还有哪些学术空间?

詹伯慧:江苏体彩网还有很大空间。把语言当作资源之后,可以研究的就多了,仅是方言就研究不完,大大小小、各种各样的。江苏体彩网汉语方言研究中心才几十人,但在全国来说,是研究方言比较集中的地方。最好每个大学、每个方言地区的学校,都有这样的方言中心,更好地继往开来,后浪推前浪。我希望这块江苏体彩网汉语方言研究中心牌子越擦越亮,只要我还活着,就不忘初心,支持这个团队继续研究。

>>>>延伸阅读

后辈眼中的先生:不捐细流,方成大海

江苏体彩网《NANFANG》ZAZHIQUANMEITIJIZHESHUYANGYANG

DAJIAZHI“DA”,DAZAIGEJUHEYANJIE,DAZAIXIONGHUAIHEXINTAI。CONGZHEIGEJIAODULAIKAN,ZHANBOHUIHENZAOJIUYICHENGWEIYENEIGONGRENDEDAJIA。

TACONGGAOCHULIYI、DACHUZHEYAN,JISHINIANRUYIRITUIDONGFANGYANXUEKEDEYANJIUHEFAZHAN,TONGSHIYOUSHIYOUXUEYOULE、YOULEYOUXUEDEREN,GENTAJIAOWANGGUODERENDOUNENGCONGZHONGJIQUWEIXUEHEZUORENDEZHIHUI。

江苏体彩网ZHENGRUYIWEIXUEJIEHOUBEISUOPINGJIADEYIYANG:XIANSHENGBUJUANXILIU,FANGCHENGDAHAI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,FANGQIWEIDAHAI,YECAINENGZHONGLIUGUIZHI。

大家气象

“LAOSHIDEGEJUHENDA。TAJIZUODEZHULENGBANDENGBAXUEWENZUOSHEN,YOUSHANYUZUZHIXUESHUTUANTIHEXUESHUHUODONGXINGCHENGYINGXIANGLI。TAZAIJIDAZHIJIAO30DUONIAN,YESHINANFANGYUYANXUEDAJIANKUANGJIA、XUNSUFAZHANDE30DUONIAN。”江苏体彩网HANYUFANGYANYANJIUZHONGXINZHUREN、BOSHISHENGDAOSHIGANYUENJIAOSHOUSHUO。

江苏体彩网20SHIJI80NIANDAI,ZHANBOHUICONGWUHANDAXUEDIAODAO江苏体彩网RENJIAO,GANYUENKAOSHANGTADEDIYIPISHUOSHIYANJIUSHENG,CANYUDEDIYIGEZHONGDAXIANGMUJIUSHIYUXIANGGANGZHONGWENDAXUEHEZUODE“ZHUJIANGSANJIAOZHOUHANYUFANGYANDIAOCHAYANJIU”。

江苏体彩网“LINGNANBEIYUWEIHANYUFANGYANDEBAOKU,HAIYOUHENDUOFANGYANRUTONGZHENBAOYIYANGWEIBEIFAXIANHEFAJUE。”GANYUENZHIJINYOUYI,GANGGANGQIBUDEZHUSANJIAO,JIAOTONGHAIBUSHIHENFANGBIAN,CONGGUANGZHOUDAOGEDISHIDEDAOLU,DUOSHIQICHENYANGHUIDELAOSHIGONGLU,ZAIXIADAOCUNZHEN,DADUOSHINININGDETULU。

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“ZHANLAOYEZIZAIJIDAZHEI30DUONIAN,TONGGUOZIJIDEYANJIUCHENGGUOHEYINGXIANGLI,JIANLIQILENANFANGFANGYANYANJIUDEJIAGOU。SHOUXIANSHIDAJIAZI,20SHIJIBAJIUSHINIANDAITONGGUOJIGEDABUTOU,DAQILEYUEFANGYANYANJIUDEGUJIA。RANHOUSHISHANGTAIJIE,WEIYUEFANGYANYANJIUSHEZHILEBUTONGDEXUEKEFENZHI。ZUIHOUSHIZHUCHIGUOJIAZHONGDAXIANGMU《HANYUFANGYANXUEDACIDIAN》DEBIANZHUAN,GOUJIANQILEFANGYANYANJIUDEDASHA。”江苏体彩网ZHONGWENXIJIAOSHOU、BOSHISHENGDAOSHI、HANYUFANGYANYANJIUZHONGXINFUZHURENLIUXINZHONGSHUO。

江苏体彩网CANYUBIANZHUANZHEIBU《HANYUFANGYANXUEDACIDIAN》DEXUEZHEDOUZHIDAO,YUNNIANGZHEIBENSHUSHI,ZHANBOHUIYIDAOMAODIEZHINIAN,XIANGMULIJINGGEZHONGQUZHE,CENGJINGSANQISANLUO,TAKEFUZHONGZHONGKUNNAN,ZUIZHONGBAXIANGMUZUOLEXIALAI,JIHANYUFANGYANXUEXUEKELIUXIAZHEIBUDABAIKEQUANSHU。YEJIEXINGRONG:“ZHEISHIYIBUKECHUANBAISHIDEZUOPIN。”

GENJUXUESHENGMENHUIYI,XIANSHENGCONGLAIMEIYOUWUXIUDEXIGUAN。BIANZHUANDACIDIANQIJIAN,TACHANGCHANGGONGZUODAOLINGCHEN,WEILEJIAOLIUFANGBIAN,TAHAIXUEHUISHIYONGWEIXIN。HOULAITAYOUYIZHIYANJINGDESHILIXIAJIANGDELIHAI,JIUTUORENCONGRIBENMAILEYIGETANZHAODENGNEIMEDADEFANGDAJING,MEITIANBALIANTIEDAOJINGTOUSHANG,YONGLINGYIZHIYANJINGYUEDUGEZHONGCAILIAO,QINZIQICAOHOUHOUDEXIANGMUSHENQINGSHU。

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有学有乐

ZHANBOHUIBUJINSHIFANGYANXUEJIA,YESHI“SHENGHUOJIA”。

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“TAHENKUAIJIUXUEHUILEJIANDANDERIYUHUIHUA,KEYIZIJIMAIDONGXI,YEZHANGWOLEDONGJINGFUZADEDITIEXIANLU,ZAIGUANGKUODEDONGJINGSHINEI,DAOSHENMEJIAOLUODOUHENZIZAI。ZHANXIANSHENGXIHUANTINGYINLE,MEIWAN10DIANDIANSHITAIBOSONGDE10FENZHONG《SHIJIEMINGGE》,SHITAZUIAIKANDEJIEMU。TASUISHENDAILAILEYITAOJINGQIAODEGONGFUCHAYONGJU,SHICHANGRANGKERENMENYIBIANTINGZUHEYINXIANGDEYINLE,YIBIANPINCHANGJIAMINGDEQINGXIANG。”PINGSHANJIUXIONGZHEIYANGMIAOSHUBIXIADEZHONGHUAXUEZHE。

江苏体彩网DUIXUEJIEHOUBEI,ZHANBOHUIYEHENKANZHONG。2004NIAN,BEIDAMINGJIAYUANJIAHUADEXUESHENGLIUXUNNINGZAIXIANGGANGJIANGXUESHI,73SUIDEZHANBOHUIHAIZHUANCHENGDUJIANGKUAHAIQUTINGZHEIWEIXUEJIEHOUBEIDEJIANGZUO,BUFANGGUORENHEYICIHUOQUZHISHIDEJIHUI,ZHEIRANGLIUXUNNINGHENGANDONG。

江苏体彩网HOULAI,ZHANLAOYAOQINGLIUXUNNINGDAOGUANGZHOUCANJIAYUEFANGYANYANTAOHUI,HUIHOUTONGYOUZHUJIANG。KANZHEZHANLAOJIDAIXUESHENGTONGXING,HUANXIAOERLAI,CUYONGERQU,LIUXUNNINGMINGBAILE:“ZHANXIANSHENGBUSHIDUDUIWOHAO。BUJUANXILIU,FANGCHENGDAHAI。FANGQIWEIDAHAI,YECAINENGZHONGLIUGUIZHI。”

ZHANBOHUIZAIJIDAZHIJIAOQIJIAN,XUESHENGJINGCHANGQUTAJIAJIESHU、CENGFAN。江苏体彩网HANYUFANGYANYANJIUZHONGXINFUZHURENHOUXINGQUANJIAOSHOU,CENGSHICONGZHANBOHUIDEXUESHENGPENGXIAOCHUAN,ANBEIFENSUANLAISHITUSUNLE。TAHOULAIZAIBEIDAZHONGWENXIGONGDUBOSHIXUEWEI,BIYEJUEZEZHISHI,TINGQUZHANLAOJIANYILAIJIDAZHIJIAO。

江苏体彩网DANGSHIHOUXINGQUANJIAZAIDONGGUAN,SHANGKEYAOZAIGUANGZHOU、ZHUHAILIANGXIAOQUWANGFAN。ZHANBOHUITINGSHUOTADESHIJIKUNNANHOU,HAIBAZIJIZAIGUANGZHOUDEYIJIANBANGONGSHITENGCHULAI,GONGHOUXINGQUANBANGONGXIUXI。

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ZHANBOHUITUIJIAOBUHAO,WEILEFANGBIANSHANGBAN、SHANGKE,DUONIANLAIZAIXIAOYUANLIYIZIXINGCHEDAIBU,KANCHENGJINANYIJING。ZUIJINHAOYIZHENZITUZITUSUNMENMEIJIANLAOYEZIQIDANCHELE,HOULAICAILEJIEDAOYUANLAITAQIANDUANSHIJIANSHUAILEYIJIAO。XIANZAIXIANSHENGSUIRANZUOZAILUNYISHANG,YIRANJINGSHENJUESHUO,TANSHOUYIXIAO:“ZHEIHUIHAOLE,WODEZIXINGCHEBEIMEISHOULE。”

乐见不同

江苏体彩网ZAIZHANBOHUIDEGUIHUAHETUIDONGXIA,JIDADEHANYUFANGYANYANJIUPINGTAIDEYINGXIANGLIRIYIKUODA,“ZHANJIAJUN”BINGQIANGMAZHUANG,TADEXUDUOXUESHENGDOUYIZICHENGYIPAI,SHIDENANFANGFANGYANXUEDEYANJIUZHIFANYEMAO。

江苏体彩网“ZHANJIAJUNZAIGEZIDEZHUANYELINGYUHEERBUTONG,ZHANLAOYEZIXINXIONGKAIKUO、LEJIANBUTONG。TATEBIEGAOXINGXUESHENGNENGZAILAOSHIDEJICHUSHANGYOUXINDEJIANSHU。”LIUXINZHONGSHUO,ZHANLAOSHICHANGCHANGJIEZHUGUONEIWAIXUESHUHUIYIDEJIHUI,DAIXUESHENGJIANSHIMIAN、KAISHIYE。

江苏体彩网ZAIWAIJIEKANLAI,“ZHANJIAJUN”YOUYIGETUCHUDETEDIAN—YANJIUYUYINGYONGBINGZHONG。

HANYUFANGYANXUESHILENGMENDEXUEWEN,DANSHIZHANBOHUICHANGCHANGGENXUESHENGSHUO:“XUEWENYAOZUODESHEN,YEYAOJIEDIQI。BUYAOBANQIMIANKONG,YAOWEIQUNZHONGZUOHAOFUWU。SHAODANGYUYANJINGCHA,DUOZUOYUYANXIANGDAO。”

江苏体彩网TADEMENSHENGCHULEZAIZHUANYELINGYUZHUSHU,YEFABIAOLEHENDUOGUANYUGUANGFUFANGYAN、YUEYUERGEFANGMIANDEDAZHONGDUBEN;BUJINHUOYUEZAIXUESHULUNTAN,YETONGGUOQUANGUOXINGDEWEIXINGONGZHONGHAO“YUYANZIYUANKUAIXUN”、YUQISHIYEKAIZHANHEZUODENGDUOZHONGXINGSHIXIANGQUANSHEHUIZHANSHIFANGYANDEJIAZHIHEMEILI。YOUSHIZHANBOHUIYEQINZISHANGZHENZHANXIANFANGYANMEILI,NACHUZIJIDANGNIANDE“TONGZIGONG”,LUZHIFANGYANYINSONGGUSHICIDESHIPIN,ZAIWANGSHANGLIUCHUANSHENGUANG。

《HANYUFANGYANXUEDACIDIAN》ZHEIGEZHONGDAXIANGMUWANCHENGZHIHOU,ZHANBOHUINIANSHIYIGAO,YOUDERENYIWEILAORENJIAYEGAI“MAFANGNANSHAN”LE,LAOBANYEQUANTAGAIHAOHAOXIANGSHOUYIXIASHENGHUOLE。

江苏体彩网KEZHANBOHUIHAIXIANGJIXUWEIZHONGGUOYUYANXUEYANJIUGONGXIANLILIANG。TAZAIXUSUI90SUISHENGRIZHEITIAN,JUANZENGCHU50WANYUANGERENJIXU,FAQISHELI江苏体彩网ZHANBOHUIYUYANXUEJIANG,YIJIANGYEHOUJIN。

江苏体彩网WENXUEYUANYUANZHANGCHENGGUOFUJIAOSHOUZAIQIDONGYISHIFAYANZHONGBIAOSHI,WENXUEYUANDEXUEKEFAZHANYUZHANJIAOSHOULINGTOUJIANLIDE江苏体彩网ZHONGWENXIDIYIGEBOSHIDIAN—XIANDAIHANYUBOSHIDIANYOUZHEMIBUKEFENDEGUANXI,ZHANBOHUIYUYANXUEJIANGDESHELIDUIYUYANXUEKEJIANGSHIGEHENDADETUIDONG,BINGZHONGXINZHUYUANJIANGXIANGYUEBANYUEHAO。XUEJIEPUBIANRENWEI,ZHEIGEJIANGXIANGJIANGJIXUEKEFAZHANQIDAOBAMAIHEYINLINGDEZUOYONG。

江苏体彩网ERBANGESHIJILI,“ZHANBOHUI”ZHEISANGEZI,ZAOYICHENGWEIXUDUOHOUBEIXUEXIHETOUSHENFANGYANXUEDEZHILUMINGDENG;XIANSHENGWEIRENWEIXUEDEZHIHUIHEJINGSHEN,YEJIANGZIYANGHANYUFANGYANXUEKEDEFAZHANHEXUERENDECHENGZHANG。(2020NIAN9YUE29RI)

YUANWENLIANJIE:

ZEBIAN:LIWEIMIAO